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What is the difference between Social Security Disability and SSI Disability?

The Social Security Administration is responsible for two major programs that provide benefits based on disability: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), which is based on prior work under Social Security, and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Under SSI, payments are made on the basis of financial need.

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is financed with Social Security taxes paid by workers, employers, and self-employed persons. To be eligible for a Social Security benefit, the worker must earn sufficient credits based on taxable work to be "insured" for Social Security purposes. Disability benefits are payable to blind or disabled workers, widow(er)s, or adults disabled since childhood, who are otherwise eligible. The amount of the monthly disability benefit is based on the Social Security earnings record of the insured worker.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a program financed through general revenues. SSI disability benefits are payable to adults or children who are disabled or blind, have limited income and resources, meet the living arrangement requirements, and are otherwise eligible. The monthly payment varies up to the maximum federal benefit rate, which may be supplemented by the State or decreased by countable income and resources.


  1. What is the difference between Social Security Disability and SSI Disability?
  2. Do Social Security disability benefits expire?
  3. Can a person with a terminal illness qualify for disability benefits?
  4. How does Social Security decide if I am disabled?
  5. I am currently receiving Social Security disability benefits. Will my benefits be affected if I earn additional money?
  6. What is the earliest age at which I can receive Social Security disability benefits?
  7. How many credits are required to be eligible for Social Security disability benefits?
  8. Will I speed up the review process if I re-submit my application or my case profile?
  9. Can Social Security take away my SSDI benefits?
  10. I currently receive Social Security disability income benefits, but my disabilities have worsened and I have other health problems. Can my monthly benefit amount be increased?
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